Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that belong to everyone. They are protected in international law, constitutions all over the world as well as in national legislation.
Simply explained human rights is a legal system that defines the obligations of the state towards individuals. It defines both what the state is not allowed to do towards individuals and what the state is obligated to do.
There are 9 international core conventions on human rights and several regional conventions including the European Convention on human rights.
The rights and freedoms are often divided into two categories: civil and political rights and social, economic and cultural rights. Civil and political rights relate to issues such as the freedom of expression, religion and assembly, as well as the right to life and freedom from torture and ill-treatment. Social, economic and cultural rights include the right to health, the right to education, the right to work, the right to housing and the right to culture.
All human rights are indivisible and interdependent and the fulfilment of any one right depends on the fulfilment of the others.
States have an obligation to respect, protect and fulfill human rights.
Respect means that States must refrain from violating human rights, protect requires States to also protect individuals from third party human rights abuses and the obligation to fulfill means that States must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights.
Would you like to learn more about human rights? Do you want to learn more about specific rights or get tools for better implementation of human rights? Contact Hanna and Goliath here.
Read one of Hannas seven books on human rights or learn more on different methods and materials here .
Read more about Hannas previous trainings and work on human rights here.